July 25, 2019

Morningstar, Inc. Reports Second-Quarter 2019 Financial Results

CHICAGO, July 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Morningstar, Inc. (Nasdaq: MORN), a leading provider of independent investment research, today announced second-quarter 2019 financial results. Reported results reflect solid revenue growth across the company, supporting strong free cash flow generation.

Second-Quarter Financial Highlights

  • Revenue increased 8.5% to $273.9 million; organic revenue growth increased 10.0%.
  • Operating income declined 5.2% to $50.8 million.
  • Diluted net income per share increased 1.0% to $0.98, versus $0.97 in the second quarter of 2018. Quarterly results include an increase in stock-based compensation related to the PitchBook management bonus plan and transaction expenses from the recently completed DBRS acquisition, which reduced diluted net income per share by $0.07.
  • Cash provided by operating activities increased 24.9% to $87.2 million; free cash flow increased 33.0% to $68.9 million.

Year-to-Date Financial Highlights

  • Revenue increased 7.4% to $532.8 million; organic revenue growth increased 9.2%.
  • Operating income remained relatively flat at $100.3 million.
  • Diluted net income per share fell 10.3% to $1.75, versus $1.95 in the second quarter of 2018. Increases in PitchBook stock-based compensation and DBRS transaction expenses reduced 2019 year-to-date diluted net income per share by $0.13, while the first quarter of 2018 included an after-tax gain of $0.18 per diluted share from the sale of the 15(c) board consulting product line.
  • Cash provided by operating activities increased 12.7% to $146.2 million; free cash flow increased 16.0% to $109.2 million.

"Our investments in data, research, and ratings capabilities continue to resonate with investors," said Kunal Kapoor, Morningstar's chief executive officer. "We announced forthcoming enhancements to the Morningstar Analyst Rating and Morningstar Sustainability Rating for funds, while leveraging the strength of our equity research to win a significant deal with BNP Paribas in Asia. Demand for private market data and research fueled growth in PitchBook's user base and revenue, and ongoing momentum in Morningstar Credit Ratings is an excellent backdrop to the integration of DBRS. All of these examples highlight our unique and strengthening ability to provide insights across any investor's portfolio."

Overview of Second-Quarter 2019 Financial Results
Revenue for the second quarter of 2019 was $273.9 million, an increase of 8.5% compared with the second quarter of 2018, or 10.0% higher on an organic basis, excluding the impact of foreign currency translation.

License-based revenue grew 9.0% year over year, led by PitchBook, Morningstar Data, and Morningstar Direct. Client renewals and new sales primarily contributed to PitchBook's strong revenue growth in the second quarter as product enhancements continue to drive demand for the PitchBook Platform. Strong contributions from international markets helped to drive revenue growth for both Morningstar Data and Morningstar Direct. Regulatory requirements in the United Kingdom and Europe and growth of digital investing platforms in Asia supported robust demand for Morningstar Data in the quarter. Morningstar Direct experienced increased demand from wealth managers and asset managers in continental Europe, the U.K., and Asia.

Positive equity market performance was a key driver of growth in our asset-based products, with average assets under management and advisement increasing by 5.6% year over year. Morningstar Investment Management revenue increased by 5.5%, primarily driven by the gross revenue contribution from the Morningstar Funds Trust, which offset softer institutional asset management revenue in the U.K. Strong performance in Managed Retirement Accounts resulted in 9.4% revenue growth in Workplace Solutions. Total assets linked to investment products based on Morningstar Indexes grew 64.0% year over year, driven by ongoing demand for beta and strategic beta solutions. Morningstar Indexes also announced the launch of a comprehensive family of bond indexes representing all major fixed-income markets and asset classes in the second quarter.

Transaction-based revenue increased by 5.2% in the second quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Higher new issue volume in structured finance securities drove revenue growth of 23.3% in Morningstar Credit Ratings. Decreases in client marketing spend impacted Morningstar.com advertising revenue, which declined 14.8%.

Operating expense grew 12.2% in the second quarter of 2019, largely driven by increases in compensation, production costs, facilities, and stock-based compensation. Higher compensation costs reflect ongoing investments in staff to support growth in our key product areas. Data purchases and cloud computing costs contributed to the year-over-year rise in production expenses in addition to the fees paid to sub-advisors relating to the Morningstar Funds Trust. Facilities costs rose in connection with planned expansion and lease renewals in select geographies. The increase in stock-based compensation expense reflects the continued achievement of incentive targets under the PitchBook management bonus plan. Transaction-related expenses primarily associated with advisory fees for the acquisition of DBRS also added to the year-over-year increase in second-quarter operating expense.

Second-quarter operating income decreased 5.2% year over year to $50.8 million. Operating margin was 18.5% in the quarter, versus 21.2% during the same period in 2018. Net income in the second quarter of 2019 was $42.1 million, or $0.98 per diluted share, compared with $41.8 million, or $0.97 per diluted share, in the second quarter of 2018.

Update on Key Product Areas
Morningstar tracks the performance of key product areas expected to provide a greater contribution to growth as part of its long-term strategy, which include Morningstar Data, Morningstar Direct, PitchBook, Workplace Solutions, Morningstar Managed Portfolios, and Morningstar Credit Ratings. Combined, these areas had organic revenue growth of 17.4% in the second quarter of 2019. The highlights below summarize key operating metrics for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, compared with the same period in 2018.

  • Revenue for Morningstar Data was up 8.0% to $49.7 million.
  • Morningstar Direct licenses increased 7.3% to 15,521 and revenue grew 7.6% to $36.8 million.
  • PitchBook Platform licenses increased 61.8% to 29,398 and revenue grew 47.5% to $35.1 million.
  • Assets under management and advisement in Morningstar Managed Portfolios increased 3.4% to $46.2 billion as of June 30, 2019.
  • Assets under management and advisement for Workplace Solutions rose 11.6% to $147.6 billion as of June 30, 2019.
  • Morningstar Credit Ratings completed 46 new-issue ratings, compared with 32 in the second quarter of 2018, representing a 20.5% increase in the asset value of the issues rated. Revenue grew 23.3%.

Balance Sheet and Capital Allocation
As of June 30, 2019, the Company had cash, cash equivalents, and investments totaling $413.9 million and $15.0 million of long-term debt, compared with cash, cash equivalents, and investments of $395.9 million and $70.0 million of long-term debt as of Dec. 31, 2018. On July 2, 2019, the Company entered into a new senior credit agreement primarily to finance the DBRS acquisition with an aggregate principal balance outstanding of $610.0 million at closing.

Cash provided by operating activities was $87.2 million for the second quarter of 2019, compared with $69.8 million in the prior year period. Free cash flow was $68.9 million for the second quarter of 2019, compared with $51.8 million in the prior year period.

In the second quarter of 2019, the Company paid $12.0 million in dividends.

Comparability of Year-Over-Year Results

Certain items affected the comparability of second-quarter 2019 results versus the same period in 2018.

  • Second-quarter 2019 results include a $2.5 million year-over-year increase in stock-based compensation, primarily driven by the continued achievement of incentive targets under the PitchBook management bonus plan. This reduced operating income growth by 4.7 percentage points and diluted net income per share by $0.04.
  • Second-quarter 2019 results also include $1.8 million of transaction-related expenses primarily associated with advisory fees related to the recently completed DBRS acquisition. This reduced operating income growth by 3.4 percentage points and diluted net income per share by $0.03.
  • Second-quarter 2019 results reflect the contribution of the new Morningstar Funds Trust, which records revenue and sub-advisory fees on a gross basis. In the quarter ended June 30, 2019, this resulted in a $2.4 million favorable impact to revenue and a corresponding increase in the cost of revenue, with no impact on operating income.
  • Foreign currency translation reduced revenue by $3.8 million and operating expense by $3.7 million in the second quarter of 2019, resulting in a $0.1 million decrease in operating income.
  • On Jan. 1, 2019, Morningstar adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases ("ASC Topic 842") using the effective date method. There was no material impact to the income statement.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The tables at the end of this press release include a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures used by the company to comparable GAAP measures and an explanation of why the company uses them.

Investor Communication
Morningstar encourages all interested parties—including securities analysts, current shareholders, potential shareholders, and others—to submit questions in writing. Investors and others may send questions about Morningstar's business to investors@morningstar.com. Morningstar will make written responses to selected inquiries available to all investors at the same time in Form 8-Ks furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission, generally every month.

About Morningstar, Inc.
Morningstar, Inc. is a leading provider of independent investment research in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. The company offers an extensive line of products and services for individual investors, financial advisors, asset managers, retirement plan providers and sponsors, and institutional investors in the private capital markets. Morningstar provides data and research insights on a wide range of investment offerings, including managed investment products, publicly listed companies, private capital markets, and real-time global market data. Morningstar also offers investment management services through its investment advisory subsidiaries, with about $220 billion in assets under advisement and management as of June 30, 2019. The company has operations in 27 countries. For more information, visit www.morningstar.com/company. Follow Morningstar on Twitter @MorningstarInc.

Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on our current expectations about future events or future financial performance. Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain, and often contain words such as "may," "could," "expect," "intend," "plan," "seek," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "potential," "prospects," or "continue." These statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause the events we discuss not to occur or to differ significantly from what we expect. For us, these risks and uncertainties include, among others, liability for any losses that result from an actual or claimed breach of our fiduciary duties; failing to maintain and protect our brand, independence, and reputation; failing to differentiate our products and continuously create innovative, proprietary research tools; liability related to the storage of personal information related to individuals as well as portfolio and account-level information; inadequacy of our business continuity program in the event of a material emergency or adverse political or regulatory developments; failing to respond to technological change, keep pace with new technology developments, or adopt a successful technology strategy; trends in the asset management industry, including the decreasing popularity of actively managed investment vehicles and increased industry consolidation; an outage of our database, technology-based products and services, or network facilities or the movement of parts of our technology infrastructure to the public cloud; compliance failures, regulatory action, or changes in laws applicable to our investment advisory or credit rating operations; volatility in the financial sector, global financial markets, and global economy and its effect on our revenue from asset-based fees and credit ratings business; the failure of acquisitions and other investments to produce the results we anticipate; the failure to recruit, develop, and retain qualified employees; challenges faced by our non-U.S. operations, including the concentration of data and development work at our offshore facilities in China and India; liability relating to the acquisition or redistribution of data or information we acquire or errors included therein; and the failure to protect our intellectual property rights or claims of intellectual property infringement against us. A more complete description of these risks and uncertainties can be found in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. If any of these risks and uncertainties materialize, our actual future results may vary significantly from what we expected. We do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events.

Investor Relations Contact:
Barbara Noverini, CFA +1 312 646-6164, barbara.noverini@morningstar.com

Media Relations Contact:
Sarah Wirth, +1 312 244-7358, sarah.wirth@morningstar.com

©2019 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

MORN-E

Morningstar, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income


















Three months ended June 30




Six months ended June 30



(in millions, except per share amounts)


2019


2018


change


2019


2018


change





























Revenue


$  273.9


$  252.4


8.5%


$  532.8


$  495.9


7.4%

Operating expense:














Cost of revenue


107.5


99.8


7.7%


212.6


202.2


5.1%


Sales and marketing


45.7


39.4


16.0%


85.7


77.9


10.0%


General and administrative


44.0


36.0


22.2%


84.8


68.2


24.3%


Depreciation and amortization


25.9


23.6


9.7%


49.4


46.5


6.2%


   Total operating expense


223.1


198.8


12.2%


432.5


394.8


9.5%

Operating income


50.8


53.6


(5.2%)


100.3


101.1


(0.8%)

Operating margin


18.5%


21.2%


(2.7)pp


18.8%


20.4%


(1.6)pp















Non-operating income (expense), net:














Interest income (expense), net


0.7


(0.7)


NMF


-


(1.0)


NMF


Gain on sale of product line


-


-


-


-


10.5


NMF


Other income (expense), net


1.6


2.1


(23.8%)


(1.0)


1.2


NMF


     Non-operating income (expense), net


2.3


1.4


64.3%


(1.0)


10.7


NMF















 

Income before income taxes and equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated entities


53.1


55.0


(3.5%)


99.3


111.8


(11.2%)

Equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated entities


0.7


(0.4)


NMF


(0.8)


(1.9)


(57.9%)

Income tax expense 


11.7


12.8


(8.6%)


23.2


26.2


(11.5%)

Consolidated net income


$   42.1


$   41.8


0.7%


$   75.3


$   83.7


(10.0%)















Net income per share:














Basic


$   0.99


$   0.98


1.0%


$   1.77


$   1.97


(10.2%)


Diluted


$   0.98


$   0.97


1.0%


$   1.75


$   1.95


(10.3%)

Weighted average shares outstanding:














Basic


42.7


42.6


0.2%


42.7


42.6


0.2%


Diluted


43.1


43.0


0.2%


43.1


43.0


0.2%





























NMF — Not meaningful, pp — percentage points


Morningstar, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows














Three months ended June 30


Six months ended June 30

(in millions)


2019


2018


2019


2018











Operating activities









Consolidated net income 


$   42.1


$   41.8


$   75.3


$   83.7

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash flows from operating activities


33.8


32.3


72.1


60.2

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net 


11.3


(4.3)


(1.2)


(14.2)


          Cash provided by operating activities


87.2


69.8


146.2


129.7

Investing activities









Capital expenditures


(18.3)


(18.0)


(37.0)


(35.6)

Proceeds from sale of a product line


-


-


-


10.5

Purchases of equity investments


(0.1)


(0.1)


(1.2)


(0.2)

Other, net


(0.1)


(0.6)


0.2


(0.7)


        Cash used for investing activities


(18.5)


(18.7)


(38.0)


(26.0)

Financing activities









Common shares repurchased


-


(1.9)


(4.9)


(10.8)

Dividends paid


(12.0)


(10.7)


(23.9)


(21.3)

Repayments of long-term debt


(15.0)


(25.0)


(55.0)


(55.0)

Other, net


(6.5)


(5.3)


(10.4)


(9.9)


       Cash used for financing activities


(33.5)


(42.9)


(94.2)


(97.0)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents


(0.5)


(12.1)


0.5


(7.8)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents


34.7


(3.9)


14.5


(1.1)

Cash and cash equivalents—Beginning of period


349.1


311.0


369.3


308.2

Cash and cash equivalents—End of period


$  383.8


$  307.1


$  383.8


$  307.1

Morningstar, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets










June 30


December 31

(in millions)


2019


2018







Assets





Current assets:






Cash and cash equivalents


$  383.8


$  369.3


Investments


30.1


26.6


Accounts receivable, net


169.2


172.2


Income tax receivable, net


1.1


1.8


Other current assets


35.7


31.7


          Total current assets


619.9


601.6







Property, equipment, and capitalized software, net


140.4


143.5

Operating lease assets


111.8


-

Investments in unconsolidated entities


61.4


63.1

Goodwill


556.5


556.7

Intangible assets, net


64.7


73.9

Other assets


17.6


15.0


Total assets


$1,572.3


$1,453.8







Liabilities and equity





Current liabilities:






Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


$     45.3


$     54.4


Accrued compensation


72.0


109.5


Deferred revenue


232.9


195.8


Operating lease liabilities


29.6


-


Other


1.6


3.1


          Total current liabilities


381.4


362.8







Operating lease liabilities, non-current


109.4


-

Accrued compensation


12.5


11.8

Deferred tax liability, net


21.1


22.2

Long-term debt


15.0


70.0

Other long-term liabilities


29.5


52.3


Total liabilities


568.9


519.1


Total equity


1,003.4


934.7


Total liabilities and equity


$1,572.3


$1,453.8

Morningstar, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Supplemental Data (Unaudited)




















Three months ended June 30




Six months ended June 30



(in millions)


2019


2018


change


2019


2018


change















Revenue by Type (1)













License-based (2)


$  200.9


$  184.3


9.0%


$  396.4


$  362.9


9.2%

Asset-based (3)


52.6


48.7


8.0%


101.5


99.4


2.1%

Transaction-based (4)


20.4


19.4


5.2%


34.9


33.6


3.9%
















Key product area revenue(1)













Morningstar Data 


$    49.7


$    46.0


8.0%


$    97.4


$    91.1


6.9%

Morningstar Direct


36.8


34.2


7.6%


73.1


68.1


7.3%

PitchBook 


35.1


23.8


47.5%


67.4


44.7


50.8%

Morningstar Investment Management


28.9


27.4


5.5%


55.5


55.9


(0.7%)

Morningstar Advisor Workstation


22.2


22.5


(1.3%)


44.5


44.6


(0.2%)

Workplace Solutions


19.7


18.0


9.4%


38.2


37.0


3.2%

Morningstar Credit Ratings


10.6


8.6


23.3%


20.1


16.0


25.6%




















As  of June  30













2019


2018


change







Select business metrics













Morningstar Direct licenses


15,521


14,463


7.3%







PitchBook Platform licenses


29,398


18,172


61.8%







Advisor Workstation clients (U.S.)


171


179


(4.5%)







Morningstar.com Premium Membership subscriptions (U.S.) 


111,428


118,412


(5.9%)






















Assets under management and advisement (approximate)














Workplace Solutions 















Managed Retirement Accounts


$66.7 bil


$60.4 bil


10.4%









Fiduciary Services 


48.2 bil


41.2 bil


17.0%









Custom Models


32.7 bil


30.6 bil


6.9%








Workplace Solutions (total)


$147.6 bil


$132.2 bil


11.6%








Investment Management















Morningstar Managed Portfolios


$46.2 bil


$44.7 bil


3.4%









Institutional Asset Management


16.1 bil


16.0 bil


0.6%









Asset Allocation Services


7.1 bil


10.2 bil


(30.4%)








Investment Management (total)


$69.4 bil


$70.9 bil


(2.1%)






















Asset value linked to Morningstar Indexes


$60.5 bil


$36.9 bil


64.0%


























Three months ended June 30




Six months ended June 30





2019


2018


change


2019


2018


change
















Average assets under management and advisement 


$213.6 bil


$202.3 bil


5.6%


$206.8 bil


$199.9 bil


3.5%

Asset value of new-issue ratings


$18.2 bil


$15.1 bil


20.5%


$34.5 bil


$26.8 bil


28.7%

Number of new-issue ratings completed


46


32


43.8%


96


56


71.4%

_______________________________________________________________________________

(1) Key product area revenue and revenue by type includes the effect of foreign currency translation.


(2) License-based revenue includes Morningstar Data, Morningstar Direct, Morningstar Advisor Workstation, Morningstar Research, PitchBook, and other similar products. 


(3) Asset-based revenue includes Morningstar Investment Management, Workplace Solutions, and Morningstar Indexes.


(4) Transaction-based revenue includes Morningstar Credit Ratings, Internet advertising sales, and Conferences.

Morningstar, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures with the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures (Unaudited)


To supplement Morningstar's condensed consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Morningstar uses the following measures considered as non-GAAP by the Securities and Exchange Commission: consolidated revenue excluding acquisitions, divestitures, adoption of accounting changes, and the effect of foreign currency translations (organic revenue) and free cash flow. These non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.


Morningstar presents organic revenue because the company believes this non-GAAP measure helps investors better compare period-over-period results. We exclude revenue from acquired businesses from our organic revenue growth calculation for a period of 12 months after we complete the acquisition. For divestitures, we exclude revenue in the prior period for which there is no comparable revenue in the current period. 


In addition, Morningstar presents free cash flow solely as supplemental disclosure to help investors better understand how much cash is available after making capital expenditures. Morningstar's management team uses free cash flow to evaluate its business. Free cash flow should not be considered an alternative to any measure required to be reported under GAAP (such as cash provided by (used for) operating, investing, and financing activities). 
































Three months ended June 30




Six months ended June 30



(in millions)


2019


2018


change


2019


2018


change















Reconciliation from consolidated revenue to revenue excluding acquisitions, divestitures, adoption of accounting changes, and the effect of foreign currency translations (organic revenue):



























Consolidated revenue 


$  273.9


$  252.4


8.5%


$  532.8


$  495.9


7.4%

Less: divestitures


-


-


0.0%


-




0.0%

Less: acquisitions


-


-


0.0%


-


-


0.0%

Less: adoption of accounting changes




-


0.0%




-


0.0%

Effect of foreign currency translations


3.8


-


NMF


8.5


-


NMF

Revenue excluding acquisitions, divestitures, adoption of accounting changes, and the effect of foreign currency translations


$  277.7


$  252.4


10.0%


$  541.3


$  495.9


9.2%















Reconciliation from cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow:



























Cash provided by operating activities


$   87.2


$    69.8


24.9%


$  146.2


$  129.7


12.7%

Capital expenditures


(18.3)


(18.0)


1.7%


(37.0)


(35.6)


3.9%

Free cash flow


$   68.9


$    51.8


33.0%


$  109.2


$    94.1


16.0%

SOURCE Morningstar, Inc.

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